Prof., Dr. Hilmola is currently working at the Lappeenranta University of Technology (LUT, in Kouvola,Finland, from Dec. 2005 onwards), and is
Globally implemented sulphur regulation could be different from 2015 implementation. There is evidence at Baltic Sea that trucks are more used and time is again used as competitive weapon (against cost increases of transport) – this could happen in global scale in 2020 and it could lead to more CO2 emissions, even if we get lower sulphur emissions at sea. Maybe challenging current hub-and-spoke in container transports?Road transports have been punished in recent years in Europe with different taxes, tightening of emission standards, and increasing fuel costs. In the long-term, it seems that the future of Northern Europe is at least merely in favour of using LNG at ships.